Home Fire Safety
Fire Safety Tips
- Install smoke alarms in your home and test them each month.
- Develop a fire escape plan and have the whole family practice.
- Teach children to Stop, Drop and Roll if their clothes catch on fire.
- Keep children away from cigarettes, lighters, matches and candles.
- Teach children to never play with fire, candles, matches or lighters.
- Keep the fireplace or wood stove in proper working order and cleaned.
- Keep young children out of the kitchen while cooking.
- Older children should never be left unattended while cooking.
- Keep a fire extinguisher nearby.
- Know how to respond to fires.
- Do not overload electrical outlets. Follow appliance manufacturers instructions for use.
- Do not use halogen standing-floor lamps around children.
- Do not put electrical cords under rugs, carpeting or furniture.
- Do not use appliances with frayed or damaged cords.
- Never smoke while using flammable liquids (hair spray, paint, or other spray products).
- Always store flammable products up high and away from pilot lights and other sources of heat.
- Children should wear flame-resistant sleepwear.
Develop a Home Fire Escape Plan
Developing and practicing a home fire escape plan that everyone understands can make the difference between life and death. Fire can grow and spread through your home very quickly. It's important that you be prepared to react as soon as the smoke alarm sounds. These tips can help you put together â€“ and practice - an effective home fire escape plan.
- Pull together everyone in your household and make a plan. Draw a floor plan of your home, showing two ways out of each room, including windows. Don't forget to mark the location of each smoke alarm.
- Test all smoke alarms (Listed by a qualified testing laboratory) monthly to ensure that they work. Replace batteries when time changes and you change your clocks.
- Make sure that everyone understands the escape plan. Are the escape routes clear? Can doors and windows be opened easily? Practice each of these with the kids.
- If windows or doors in your home have security bars, make sure that the bars have quick-release mechanisms so that they can be opened immediately in an emergency. Quick-release mechanisms won't compromise your security - but they will increase your chances of safely escaping a home fire.
- Practice the escape plan at least twice a year, making sure that everyone is involved from kids to grandparents. If there are infants or family members with mobility limitations, make sure that someone is assigned to assist them.
- Agree on an outside meeting place where everyone can meet after they have escaped. Remember to get out first, and then call for help. Never go back inside until the fire department gives the OK.
- Have everyone memorize the emergency phone number, 9-1-1. That way any member of the household can call from a cellular phone or a neighbor's home.
- Be fully prepared for a real fire: when a smoke alarm sounds, leave the house immediately. And once you're out, stay out - leave the firefighting up to the professionals!
- If you live in an apartment building, make sure that you're familiar with the building's evacuation plan. In case of a fire, use the stairway, never the elevator.
- Tell guests or visitors to your home about your family's fire escape plan. When visiting other people's homes, ask about their escape plan. If they don't have a plan in place, offer to help them make one.
Information provided by the National Fire Protection Association